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If you have dandruff, you’ll be aware of the dry, inconvenient flakes that reside on your head and shoulders, paired with the constantly itchy scalp. Common in both men and women, regardless of hair type, it can affect anyone and it can also dramatically effect confidence. Continue reading to discover our extensive guide on everything you need to know to keep your scalp flake-free.
Dandruff is caused by the overgrowth of a microscopic yeast and affects more than 50% us at some time and men are more susceptible to it than women. It’s quite normal to shed some dead skin flakes since skin is constantly renewing itself, but yeast overgrowth on the scalp can speed up this process and lead to the formation of unsightly flakes. Nobody’s entirely sure what sends the yeast into overdrive but stress, hormonal changes, humidity and changes in diet are thought to be triggers. The (somewhat) good news is that it tends to ease off in middle age, but until then you’ll need a good anti-dandruff strategy.
Other than the overgrowth of yeast, there are plenty of other causes. If you have a particularly oily scalp, it can cause skin cells to clump together causing flaking. Dry skin, using the wrong hair products for your hair and skin conditions such as eczema can also cause dandruff. One the first steps to take if you suffer with it is to swap out your shampoo and conditioner to see if it makes a difference.
The more your fiddle with your scalp, the more you’ll irritate the skin and the bigger the flakes will be. You also run the risk of damaging the hair follicles. Use soothing, anti-dandruff treatments several times a week to calm the scalp and prevent itching. Phyto Phytosquam Intense shampoo should be left on the hair for 5-10 minutes before rinsing; this should shift the stubbornest flakes whilst leaving your hair looking great too.
If you find it difficult to completely remove all of the flakes of skin when washing your hair, exfoliating your scalp can help. A cleansing, purifying scrub will be able to loosen all of the dead skin cells as well as help maintain a healthy scalp environment. We recommend this one from Christophe Robin.
Cut back on sugary and salty foods as both of these can cause your scalp’s natural secretions to alter and make your skin vulnerable to yeast overgrowth. You can also take vitamin E supplements for a health boost, as they promote blood circulation and proper healing. In turn, this can aid your scalp’s recovery.
Always use an anti-dandruff shampoo with each wash such as the Kérastase Homme Captial Force Anti-Dandruff Shampoo. This will help to break down the flakes so they can be washed away easily and restore moisture to balance the scalp, preventing further dryness.
For a refreshed feeling, try the Paul Mitchell Hair & Scalp Treatment, which contains willow bark to soothe the skin and peppermint and tea tree oils for a fresh, tingly sensation. In fact, research in Australia has shown that tea tree oil can cut the incidence of dandruff by nearly half.
Studies have shown that men who spend more time outside tend to suffer from less dandruff than those stuck inside all day. It’s thought that sunlight inhibits the growth of the Pityrosporum Ovale yeast, which is what causes the dreaded flakes. Remember to use a hair SPF whilst out to prevent sunburn on the scalp, otherwise you can exacerbate the issue.
Browse our entire range of anti-dandruff products here.
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